The occupation sequence at Arslantepe is uninterrupted from the Late Chalcolithic (V millennium BCE) to the Byzantine period.
The mound is more than 30m high and 4ha wide. The 30m are constituted by hundreds of different occupation phases, each overlying one another. The earliest exposed levels are those of Late Chalcolithic 1-2 (period VIII) and are characterized by a domestic occupation. Following periods VII and VIA see growing social and political complexity and the formation of an early state system. The Palatial complex of period VIA is a more than 4000 mq building still standing with walls 3m in height and today open to the public.
Periods VIB-C-D (Early Bronze Age) see sequences of villages occupied by more or less sedentary people as well as the Middle Bronze Age (period VA). During the Late Bronze Age (period IV) Arslantepe becomes one of the provinces of the Hittite Empire and later (period III) capital of a Neo-Hittite reign until its destruction by Sargon II of Akkad in 712 BCE. After this the site will be only randomly occupied by small households during the Roman and Byzantine periods, when the proper roman castrum of Melitene (military outpost) will be instead moved more to the east, nearer to the border of the Empire, along the river Euphrates. Last occupation of the mound is that of a Christian cemetery.


Chronology Period Dates (C14 calibrated) Contemporary Near Eastern civilizations
Roman and Byzantine I
Iron Age II-III 1100-712 BCE Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
Late Bronze II IV 1600-1200 BCE Hittite Empire
Late Bronze I V B 1750-1600 BCE Early Hittite
Middle Bronze V A 2000-1750 BCE Palaeo-Assyrian colonies
Early Bronze III VI D 2500-2000 BCE Early Dynastic III B, Akkad, Ur III
Early Bronze II VI C 2750-2500 BCE Early Dynastic II-III A
Early Bronze I VI B 3000-2800 BCE Jemdet-Nasr, Early Dynastic I
Late Chalcolithic 5 VI A 3350-3000 BCE Late Uruk (Mesopotamia)
Late Chalcolithic 3-4 VII 3800-3350 BCE Ealry and Middle Uruk
Late Chalcolithic 1-2 VIII 4250-3900 BCE late Ubaid
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